Full Coverage Foundation: What Is It and Do You Need to Use It?
Whether you’re new to makeup or just wanting to expand your knowledge, getting a handle on what all the different types of products do is no small task. Foundation is often thought of as the base-most layer of makeup application, hence its name. However, even when it comes to foundation, there’s no single type.
What Exactly Is Full Coverage Foundation?
Not all foundation is full coverage. Rather, there are four types of foundation: sheer coverage, light coverage, medium coverage, and full coverage. Full coverage foundation provides the most amount of coverage when compared with the other types of foundations.
Full coverage foundation can be layered on top of itself, and its opaque formula provides enough coverage to help hide birthmarks, scars, acne, and other unwanted skin imperfections. On average, full coverage foundation can contain up to 35 percent pigment, which is significantly higher than other foundations.
While full coverage foundation can be used regularly as a day-to-day makeup product, it is sometimes referred to as “corrective makeup” because of its intense coverage properties.
What About the Other Types of Foundation?
Sheer coverage foundation is more transparent than all the other types of foundation. This foundation type is used mostly to help minimize contrast and discolorations in the skin. It is not effective for heavier duty coverage.
Light coverage foundation is the second least opaque of foundation types, containing only 13% to 18% pigment. This type of foundation works well on unevenness and smaller blemishes, but it won’t be able to cover freckles or larger imperfections on the skin.
Medium coverage foundation is opaque enough to cover freckles, blemishes, and some scars, though it is still not quite as good at coverage as full coverage foundation. This type of foundation contains 18% to 23% pigment.
Who Should Use Full Coverage Foundation?
Full coverage foundation is meant to be used by those who want intense coverage. Unlike the other types of foundations, full coverage foundation is so opaque that it will cover your skin’s natural coloring. For this reason, people who use full coverage foundation must apply blush and contour to give their face shadow and dimension after applying their foundation.
If you’re going out for a night on the town and want to go full glam, full coverage foundation is the ideal foundation type, as it creates the best possible canvas of your face, allowing you to work with an evenly-colored surface.
Additionally, full coverage foundation can be used every day as a regular makeup product, but it’s important to note that those who use full coverage foundation must also allot time for applying blush and contours in addition to their foundation.
Full coverage foundation is a favorite amongst professional makeup artists because of its versatility. However, for those just beginning with makeup, full coverage foundation may take some practice in applying and getting used to.
Who Shouldn't Use Full Coverage Foundation?
If you are prone to breakouts, you may want to stay away from full coverage foundation. While full coverage foundation can cover acne, it can also lead to clogged pores, ultimately causing more breakouts and acne over time.
Additionally, those who want a quick and easy makeup routine in the morning may also want to consider using a different type of foundation. Full coverage foundation often takes longer to apply than other foundation types because of its opaqueness.
How to Choose the Best Foundation Type for Your Skin
You may want to have a few foundations on hand depending on your day and activities. When you just want a touch of color, sheer coverage foundation can do the job. Light coverage foundation can be useful if you’re needing to blend your skin tint and sheer coverage foundation just isn’t cutting it.
Medium coverage foundation will give you an even skin tone, cover dark circles, and hide smaller blemishes while still allowing your natural skin to come through.
Finally, full coverage foundations are what you should turn to when you want the most coverage possible and need to hide large scars, big breakouts, and any other imperfections that need a little extra help when it comes to coverage.