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The Science of Under Eye Circles (And How to Fix It)

Dealing with baggy eyes? We can help. Learn more about the science behind under eye circles

Here's the science behind your under-eye circles

Dark circles under the eyes are a relatively common and harmless ailment that comes for us all in some shape or form. While not dangerous, it can be an annoying nuisance that appears to age your skin beyond your years, and we’d get rid of them if we could. This, of course, makes us ask, “Can we get rid of under-eye circles?”

Today, we’re going to take a closer look at under-eye circles, what causes them and what you can do about it. Let’s waste no time and dive right in!

Under-eye circles appear when the blood vessels just below the particularly thin layer of skin near your eyelids become more pronounced. The skin appears blue because the light reflects through the skin and into the blood vessels.

The most commonly known factor is, of course, a lack of sleep. However, it’s certainly not the only possibility.

Let’s take aging for example. As you age, your skin stops producing as much collagen, which will cause your skin to lose its elasticity and to grow thinner. When your skin is thinner, it’s easier to see what’s beneath the skin. Sometimes the blood vessels in this area of your face get damaged and a bit of blood leaks out, resulting in darker skin that appears off in color.

There are a number of factors that contribute to the visibility of dark circles under your eyes.

In addition to aging and lack of sleep, other under-eye circle causes might include allergies, anemia, smoking, frequent rubbing of the eyes and more.

While there are several causes to dark under-eye circles, it should be noted it’s a relatively harmless condition. While the fact that damaged blood vessels can sound alarming and obviously some people may be self-conscious about the way it looks, dark under-eye circles are fairly common and in a vast majority of cases, it’s no cause for concern.

There are several ways you could treat under-eye circles. There are plenty of high-quality eye creams specially formulated for dark circles. The best eye cream for dark circles acts as a mild bleaching agent. These eye creams include such ingredients as hydroquinone, tretinoin or some combination of the two active ingredients. It’s recommended you incorporate eye cream for dark circles into your skincare routine for at least 90 days before you start to see results.

If eye creams for dark circles under your eyes aren’t immediately available, there are some remedies you can try at home. The simplest measure you can take would be to get more sleep. This isn’t always easy given how busy most of us are on any given day, but adequate rest is important and could help reverse the dark circles under your eyes.

Even if you are in a situation where you can’t get a lot of extra sleep, you can change the way you sleep. Elevating your head prevents blood and fluid from pooling below the eyelids. This could also prevent puffiness.

The old cliche that cucumber slices placed over the eyes during a spa treatment isn’t just for show; there could be some merit. If you have some cucumber, cut yourself a couple of slices and place them over your eyes. The fact they are full of water and vitamin C could help moisturize the skin, and the silica in the cucumber is an essential ingredient to healthy skin. Cold compresses can be helpful in easing the swelling and damage of blood vessels under the skin. The cold temperature can constrict the blood vessels and return the appearance to a more natural skin tone.

For immediate results to conceal under-eye circles, you need not look further than high-quality cosmetics. A good concealer may help restore your skin tone. Please keep in mind, however, if your skin is rather sensitive, this might make the condition worse.

Though it is a nuisance, the under-eye circles are relatively harmless and easy to treat. The condition is often reported not to last very long, especially when treatment is applied quickly. With that said, however, if you are concerned about it and it continues to get worse (for example, if you start to experience pain or it swells further) as time goes on, please consult your doctor.

Resources — Healthline,Gizmodo, Medical News Today

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